Best Hostels in Europe – Germany, Poland and Hungary

As always, the best way to take a look outside at the world of hostels in Europe is not to listen to what their owners say, and even I would say it is not about looking at the punctuation that they have in travel pages. From my point of view, there is no better source than looking at what users from Interrail or Eurail say after being in some of this hostels. I have done some research on different Interrail local forums and here it comes a selection of the best hostels in Europe.

For Germany, if you are looking to travel to Hamburg, a good recommendation is Auf Dem Stinfang. clean and tidy according to the guests, good atmosphere and the breakfast simply incredible. Going now to the capital, the best pick is the Eastern Hostel, specially because it is further from conventional. It is in fact a docked boat, so the experience of sleeping in a floating hostel seems incredible. Quality on board is very high for being just a hostel and many of the rooms are underwater, which can sound like exciting or scary. It all depends on you.

If you go past the border and enter in Poland, you will need to visit Krakow for sure. The best place where to spend your nights will be in this case the hostel called Giraffe. Clean, brand new, very fashion, and apparently with some very kind and good looking girls at the front desk, make it a combination of factors that makes it to be considered one of the best hostels in Poland.

In Poland also, you will be possibly visiting the capital. There you should take a look to Tamka Hostel, just 15 minutes away from the old center. The Internet connection is free, you get a great breakfast, sweet ladies at the front desk with a good English level… and even a PlayStaion 2 to play with!

Going a bit to the south you could enter Hungary. The best hostels in Hungary can be found in the capital, and the most significant is the Mellow Mod Hostel, probably a bit more expensive than normal providing that Hungary is quite a cheap country, but it definitely is worth the stay. What space can’t do to make the rooms bigger it is done by decoration, which makes it to be a kind of luxury hostel.

There are many more best hostels in Europe that should have been mentioned in this article, but the idea is to make things easy. One place, one hostel. If you are not convince, you always can try to look at the forums and look for something. I could even tell you about a very good forum in Spain but, as many things in this country, it is in Spanish. What about the opportunity to learn Spanish and get free plane tickets to Europe?

Curative Forces of Hungary

There are more than 60 thousand mineral springs and 1150 thermal springs in Hungary. It would be foolish not to use these riches, that is why Hungarians have built 55 hydropathic establishments and 67 thermal hotels here. They also develop medical and health tourism.

The country’s capital, Budapest, is the leader in this sphere. This is one of the most beautiful European cities and the first spa capital in the world (there are about 130 thermal springs found here). Budapest can offer around 70 bathhouses and public thermal baths: old Turkish and modern, moderate and luxurious, democratic and aristocratic ones. First therms were built here by the Greeks, and bath industry reached its prosperity at Turkish times. There are several Turkish baths in Budapest, including Kiraly, Rudas and Szechenyi – the last one is the largest bath in Europe, with 12 various pools. As for Budapest citizens, they like visiting Lukacs bath, with water arriving from Rozsa Hill springs. Many hotels also have their thermal pools, Gellert hotel among them. In 1930s the hotel was very popular for its mosaic floors and glass ceiling.

Those who come to Hungary to get some medical treatment prefer staying in hotels with thermal pools and wellness centers. Two of them are located on a quiet and green Margit island, amidst Danube. Here you will find Danubius hotel complex – Danubius Grand Margitsziget and Thermal Margitsziget, connected by an underground tunnel. Guests are offered medical treatments which can be ordered straight at the hotel or included in room rates (but note that prices are higher in the first case). Some tourists also prefer a stay at Danubius Health Spa Resort Helia, located opposite Margit, or at modern Aquincum 4-star hotel.

Those who want to do the sightseeing are usually offered combined tours which include a tour around the capital of Hungary and spa treatments at local resorts. Some of such resorts are located by Lake Heviz 200 km from Budapest. Heviz is one of the largest and famous Hungarian resorts, its situated by the world’s biggest natural thermal lake, which has a unique microclimate. Its temperature is 28-38 centigrade at daytime, so you can bathe here all year round. Heviz offers numerous hotels, pensions and guesthouses, but only huge hotels have their medical bases. Among them are: Karbona, Lotus Therme, Aqua, Heviz, Rogner Hotel & Spa Lotus Therme and Panorama.

Another thermal resort, Hajdusoboslo (also called “Mecca for the rheumatic”) is becoming more and more popular with tourists. It is located 202 km east of Budapest, or a 2,5 bus ride from the city. The resort is renowned for its large bathing complex in the open air, which includes a lake and 13 medical, children and sports swimming pools. In 2000 the first Hungarian aquapark was opened on its territory. Initially the park occupied a 6200 sq.m. territory, but two years later it doubled in size. The bathhouse offers 40 different medical treatments. So if you want to be healthier, Hungary is the destination for you.

The Toll Roads in Hungary – What You Need to Know

If you have not heard about a toll road, you may have heard about it in its other names like the toll way, toll highway, pike or the turnpike. So, what is this? Generally, it is a road built privately where the driver will have to pay a fee or a toll so that he can use the path.

The structures that are involved for the fees are the toll bridges, tunnels and many others. The roads that are not toll highways make use of other sources of profits. Most of the time, they utilize funds from general tax or even fuel tax. The facility wherein the fees are collected is actually known as the toll booth, toll station, toll gate or a toll plaza. Usually, this type of building is situated on the sides of the bridge or at the exits.

There are a great number of European toll roads and among the most popular are the toll roads in Hungary. In the said area, every motorway here is a toll way. Each and every one of them is managed and controlled by the national Highway Authority. The motorways include the M1, M3 and M5 along with the M6 to M7. Also included are M30, M35 and M70. The others, M0, M2 and M15 are not considered as a part of the motorway system in Hungary even though they are separated multilane roads. If you will be traveling to these paths, you will be able to use them without any charges. M0 is actually large as it creates a half ring in the region of Budapest.

When the year 2008 came, when one buys the motorway sticker, it will be managed electronically. In this case, the electronic sticker of the electronic vignette is not something that you will have to put on your windshield. Once you purchase, it will be registered on the computer along with its period of validity. You might also want to know that there are security cameras all around the area. These cameras will not check the sticker on the vehicle but the plate number of the registered owner’s car.

There are a variety of stickers that can be purchased here. These are the four days, ten days, monthly and the annual stickers. You can use them anytime for unlimited number of trips as long they are valid during the period that you have taken a tour in the toll roads in Hungary. If you want to know where you can buy them, they are available at the petrol or gas stations anywhere in the country. When you have bought one, it is advised that you keep it for a minimum of half a year after you have used it during the trip.

Hungarian toll roads make use of toll collection technology yet there are still some critics that think that these toll roads as well as the others are inefficient. One of the reasons why is because they charge very high fees. Actually, the concession of toll roads in this country has recently failed due to this fact.

Hungary Travel – Lake Balaton, Visegrad, and Szentendre

When visiting Hungary, it is easy to fall in love with Budapest and never venture beyond the city. If this happens, you’ll rue the day you missed a chance to visit Lake Balaton, Visegrad and Szentendre.

Lake Balaton

Lake Balaton is located in the wine-growing region of Hungary. It just so happens the Lake is also populated with a number of thermal mineral springs. Hmm…wine and hot tubs! On top of this, the lake is relatively shallow resulting in water temperatures in the seventies in the summer. All and all, it is nearly impossible to get stressed out at Lake Balaton.

Lake Balaton is located about an hour an half to the west of Budapest by minivan. While minivan travel can be aggravating, this trip is definitely worth it. There are plenty of hotels and resorts in the area, although summer weekends can get packed.

Visegrad

Visegrad is a tower castle that has seen better days. In its heyday, Visegrad was a major outpost for the Roman Empire. The history of Visegrad is interesting, but you will want to visit for a different reason. Visegrad is a great place to parasail. Located approximately 1,000 feet above a river, the terrain and air currents are ideal if you’re interested in flying like a bird. In fact, you can literally float for hours.

Szentendre

Szentendre is a little town located about 20 minutes north of Budapest. The town has an old feel with cobblestone streets and outdoor cafes. Perhaps the biggest reason to go, however, is the vibe of the town. Szentendre is the artist center of Hungary. Walk down the streets and you will start seeing art you recognize from shops in Budapest. There are literally hundreds of galleries and artist sketching in the sun. If art is your thing, Szentendre is worth a visit.

Budapest is definitely the must see location of Hungary, but Lake Balaton, Visegrad and Szentendre are definitely worth a look.

7 Famous Attractions in Budapest Hungary

1. The Royal Castle – One of the most popular Budapest attractions is the Royal Palace. Built in the thirteen hundreds, this massive structure has a history that goes back quite a ways, and the castle includes a number of different building styles and architectural influences. Hungary travel information for the castle is widely available because of the high popularity it enjoys for visitors.

2. Matthias Church – Mathias Church, formally known as the Church of Our Lady, is one of the most visited and well known Budapest attractions. More than seven hundred years have passed since this church was first constructed, and it is still used for Mass and other events today. The unique and elaborate architecture of the church as well as the fascinating history draw visitors from all around the world.

3. Budapest House of Parliament – Hungary travel information concerning popular attractions always lists the Budapest House of Parliament, which is right on the Danube River. This is a very imposing and regal structure which is massive, and contains many treasures and wondrous sights. A tour will allow you to see the interior and many of the treasures, including the crown of the first Hungarian king from more than one thousand years ago.

4. The Great Synagogue and Jewish Museum – One of the most famous Budapest attractions is the Great Synagogue And Jewish Museum. This attraction is listed in all the Hungary travel information because of the historical significance. The location is the former Jewish ghetto during WWII, and the synagogue is the second biggest in the world, with the capability to seat thousands of people.

5. Fisherman Bastion – One of the most exquisite out of all the popular and famous Budapest attractions is the Fisherman Bastion. The seven turrets are all extremely ornamental, and although constructed for the defense of the area by the fishermen they were never actually used in battle. There are stairways, cloisters, and many other features that make this attraction a must see.

6. Thermal Baths – All of the brochures and booklets with Hungary travel information mention the thermal spas in the area, and just how much of a treat these are for visitors. These thermal spa waters are considered healing, and people come from all over the world to soak in them.

7. St. Stephen’s Basilica – The largest church in the entire country, this is one of the more unique Budapest attractions in another way, one that may not always be mentioned in the Hungary travel information. This church is the location of the mummified hand of St. Stephen, who happened to be the first ruler of the country, and the right hand is considered a religious relic.

It’s Great To See Hungary

About the county

Also recognized as the Republic of Hungary or Hungarian Republic, Hungary is a landlocked country located in Central Europe and bordering Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Budapest is the biggest city and in addition the Capital of Hungary. One of the cornerstone factors why Hungary is well-known is its hospitality to tourists. Also one can discover an ideal mix of history and modern day in Hungary. Despite the fact that Hungarians proudly adhere to their old Magyar Tradition they also maintain them abreast with current fashions across the world. Most visitors flock to see Budapest, a genuinely world class city situated on River Danube which enchants everybody with love and music. The city can sometimes be a blend of culture and outstanding beauty making it the right location for tourists. The city has been a haven for writers, musicians and artists who had been significantly influenced by this graceful city. In case you travel west in Hungary Lake Balaton is popular with holidaymakers. Local cuisines include halászlé (fish soup) with pasta and goulash (gulyás) soup.

Population & Languages

The people of Hungary is Roughly 10 million and the official language being spoken is Hungarian.

Electricity

The voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. The sorts of plugs used are Round pin attachment plug and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.

Geographic Location

Hungary can sometimes be a landlocked country situated in Central Europe and bordering Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. River Danube and River Tisza split up the country into three large regions. The country is strategically located astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula in addition to between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin

Climate

The climate of Hungary may be called Temperate with hot summers and cold winters. The regular annual temperature of Hungary is around 9.6 °C. The most temperature in summer may be 43 °C and as little as -30 °C. The summer months average is 26 to 36 °C and winter average is 0 to -16 °C.

Local Customs

Like any other country Hungary possesses his own customs too. It is customary to handshake. It is customary to make the toast and return. It is customary for guests to offer gifts to the host of a meal. Smoking is prohibited in most public areas. But travelers can smoke in long distance trains. Casual dress is acceptable in most places and formal for special promotions. Tipping up to 10 to 15 percent is customary for all services including restaurants, bars, clubs, taxis etc.

Attractions

Budapest
* Castle Royal Palace
* Fisherman’s Bastion
* Matthias Church
* Gellért Hill
* Chain Bridge
* The Great Synagogue and Jewish Museum
* Parliament Buildings
* Statue Park

Eger
* Eger Castle
* Szépasszony Valley (Valley of the Pretty Woman)

Lake Balaton
* Hévíz
* Keszthely

The Danube Bend
* Esztergom
* Szentendre
* Visegrad

Travel

By Air – The national airline of Hungary is Malv which operates flights from more than forty cities across the world. Other international airlines operating from Hungary contains Aeroflot, Air France, British Airways, easyJet, KLM, Lufthansa, Sky Europe, Swiss, United Airlines and Wizz Air. Ferihegy Budapest International Airport (BUD) is the biggest airport that is like ten miles southeast of Budapest.

By River – There is certainly a daily hydrofoil service run by MAHART connecting Vienna, Bratislava and Budapest in the months of April to October.

By Rail – The country is an area of the encompassing network of trains connecting the European urban centers. Hungary is connected to 16 European cities and there are 47 international trains daily to Budapest by direct rail link.

Duty Free Items
1. 800 cigarettes or 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars or1kg smoking tobacco for EU countries.
2. 200 cigarettes, or 100 cigarillos, or 50 cigars, or 250g of smoking tobacco for Non-EU countries.
3. 10 liter of spirits with excess of 22% and ethyl alcohol, or 20 liter of beverages less than 22% alcohol content, or 90 liter of wine or 60 liter of sparkling wine, or 110 liter of beer for EU countries.
4. 1 liter of spirits and 2 liter of wine for Non-EU countries.
5. 50g perfume or 250 ml eau de toilette
6. Gifts, Food, fruits, medications and flowers for private use of value up to €175

Prohibited Items

Un-canned goods, meat or dairy products, Narcotics, firearms, ammunition, weapons, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sixty per cent alcohol.

Designing Small Outdoor Spaces in Your Hospitality Business

Every outdoor area, no matter how small it is, deserves to be treated with attention. This need amplifies when it comes to restaurants, hotels, cafes and resorts. So hospitality businesses should be extra careful when designing a small outdoor space like a balcony or even a limited terrace.

In order to turn a narrow area into an attractive place to hang out, two steps must be applied: choosing the right outdoor furniture and installing them effectively.

How to choose the furniture?

Selecting small furniture

When you have a narrow area, you can still furnish it with small items that fits. For example, instead of cramming the balcony with a single sofa, use a couple of chairs and a round coffee table so guests can enjoy a relaxing morning. Don’t forget to take measurements, here a few centimeters can make a difference.

Using multi-functional outdoor furniture

A small area limits the use of several furniture to suit all needs. Therefore, an effective solution would be to use multi functional patio furniture for your restaurant, hotel, resort or cafe. A modular outdoor setting allows you to have a minimum of items with the most uses possible. For example, if a daybed and living set don’t fit together next to the pool, replace them with an outdoor furniture piece that gives you both. In that case, Skyline Design’s Bishan can be an appropriate way to combine the two, as it can be used as a daybed or a sofa set.

Going vertical with decorations

One of the latest garden design trends is the adoption of the vertical space in the outdoors. In other terms, exploiting placing decoration accessories or even plants on the walls surrounding the outdoor living area. In addition, due to this new “wave”, brands are now creating items for vertical use. For example, the famous French brand, Maiori, produced chic planters that can be placed on top of each other, in order to save horizontal space.

How to design the small space to make it look wider?

Designating a focal point

Installing outdoor furniture in a small area can be messy. A bit of organization will turn a chaotic setting into a comfortable and relaxing spot. One of the first steps to take is to focus all the outdoor chairs and sofas to one direction. A focal point can either be external like the sea, the garden or a specific landscape, as well as internal like an outdoor lounge or a hanging chair. You can add accessories according to your needs, but make sure that you still have only one focal point.

Paving the path and the living area

Another way to embellish a small outdoor space is to pave the path and the living area. However, this is a delicate task that can either break it or make it. How? Applying geometrical designs in the pavement can make the outdoor area look smaller. And most probably, that’s not what restaurants and resorts are looking to accomplish, on the contrary.

Keeping it simple with only the needed furniture

One of the main issues in small areas is the lack of space for people to move around. This is mostly due to decoration items that can be dropped out. Therefore, removing all unneeded elements, like decorations and plants, will make the small area more spacious, allowing people to be more comfortable.

Designing a small outdoor space is definitely a challenge for any interior designer or hospitality furniture company. However, choosing the right outdoor furniture, and efficiently designing the area will transform your small outdoor space into an endless paradise. So don’t miss out on this opportunity.

Mentoring That Leaves an Indelible Imprint on Your Soul

Learning from books feeds our brains. Experience builds skills and expertise. Effective coaching shapes and drives the way we work and see the world. And then there is that wonderful, elusive sort of mentoring that leaves an indelible imprint on the soul. Here are the stories of two people who have provided me with the sort of coaching that leaves an indelible imprint on the soul, and a powerful impact on my life.

Maggie
Maggie was a tiny fireball, a real force of nature. She started a national movement after she retired from the Presbyterian Church, which she called forced termination from employment due to age. A number of us lived in shared housing with her in Philadelphia, and often worked with her on different projects. A savvy optimist with no rose-colored glasses, she would often say: “When you’re working on something important, you never let roadblocks deter you from your goal. If there’s a rock in the road, move it, go around it, or over it. And, if nothing else works, then tunnel under it.” And she did. In her old age, she was elected to the National Giraffe Heroes Project for sticking neck out, a commendation which was always a badge of honor for her.

Maggie led by example, demonstrating a model of passion, persistence and power. Whenever she would meet people after speaking engagements or workshops, she would ask them about what they were doing, show them why their work was important, and encourage them. People would walk away from those conversations excited and empowered, because Maggie had validated them, and told them their work had impact and value. She was very supportive to people working to make a positive difference in the world – and a well-researched, dramatic critic of those she found to be creating harm. When she died, a major national newspaper wrote that Maggie had no children. The newspaper was corrected by her friend and foundation executive who said “Maggie had thousands of children she nurtured over the years, spread across the country and the world.”

Michael
Michael is a retired publishing executive who has built many large publishing businesses over the years. An extremely successful businessman, he is surprisingly humble and self-deprecating about his many achievements. Even when he has been quite busy, Michael has always found the time to focus on his friends and colleagues with undivided attention. In talking with him, you feel like he has all the time in the world for you. He listens in such a way that, when he responds to you, it is with a very deep level of understanding.

Gentle with his suggestions and advice, Michael would share about strategies he had used that were successful without saying “you should do it this way.” He lets you figure out the connection between the strategies he used to successfully surmount challenges, and your own situation. When he suggests something, it is with grace and tact. Michael often says, “well, I’m sure you’ve already thought of this, and I was thinking… ” He would go on to describe an idea or solution that you hadn’t considered at all.

Michael has also been tireless in his giving to those in need, serving on many boards, and becoming involved in supporting and funding a wide range of community economic development projects. Some of our most well-known social enterprise and economic development nonprofits have grown under his tutelage. Almost always, he leverages both his volunteering and his philanthropy by involving others, and he’s engaged an untold number over the years. By doing so, he has shown many people new and exciting ways to make a difference in the world while building his base of support for those causes most dear to his heart.

Why This is Coaching That Leaves an Indelible Imprint on the Soul
Over the years, these two coaches became dear friends, and part of my “family of choice,” as Maggie so aptly termed it. Michael and I still talk on a regular basis, now more as peers who share about our lives, our work, our spiritual practice and those causes that are our passions. And though she is long gone, Maggie’s legacy can still be seen everywhere, and I often consider what she might say about an issue I find challenging. Modelling skills and strategies helpful to my professional development, they served as powerful coaches and examples. They have demonstrated purposeful and value-driven lives. Lives that make a difference in the world. And they have left an indelible imprint on my soul.

What You Can Learn From My Summer Vacation

‘Remember in our youth the standard return-to-school “What I Did on My Summer Vacation” essay? This summer has given me several lessons that have value for you today.

The story begins with a local police officer knocking on my door at 9:00 one night, asking me about my brother, Billy. Of course, you know what happens next–I find out that Billy died in a motorcycle accident a few hours earlier. He was 57, divorced, with no children. He was a floor layer, a regular ordinary guy. Like you and your team members.

First lesson: we are in a business of relationships. Don’t let corporate purchasing and hard bid tactics make you forget this. While price is part of the purchase consideration, the quality of your work and the relationships you foster with your clients, customers, and co-workers are paramount. I first realized this as word about Billy spread through the grapevine and I received numerous calls, emails, and cards of condolence from across the country. These were unexpected and much appreciated.

I saw it again at his wake. Having worked his trade in the New York area for over 30 years, my brother was well-known. On that Memorial Day weekend, we were visited by many of his associates. Not just tile guys, but the Foreman from the Laborers, and a superintendent from a General Contractor, to name a few. There were even guys who had worked with our father in the business-and some even remembered when I had helped out on a few jobs, way back when! Connections between people-that’s what it’s about.

Next lesson: how is your health? Construction is hard work, yeah. But it isn’t a substitute for quality exercise and eating. Billy wasn’t in bad shape, but he wasn’t in good shape, either. He loved to eat; cooking was his hobby. He didn’t exercise. And he had coronary artery disease. In fact, he may have had a health crisis that triggered the crash. We don’t know for sure. But we do know that he was not taking care of himself and now, he’s gone. Are you taking care of yourself? (If not for yourself, then for those who love you.)

“Divorced with no kids” sounds like an easy estate to deal with, right? Well, it would be if

  1. there had been a will (there wasn’t)
  2. there had been up-to-date beneficiaries on his life insurance policy (his ex-wife is still listed, although that wasn’t his wish; he just “never got around to” changing beneficiaries even though they’d been divorced for several years), and
  3. all his records had been kept in one place (not even close).

Looking through files and folders is never easy, but having to weed through pay stubs from 1986 makes the process even harder. I realized that my finances and directives are in a similar state of disorganization. I am currently creating what I call the Red Envelope, where all of that information is being placed to make the process easier for whoever needs to deal with it. We need to do this for the benefit of those around us. If you are a business owner or the head of a household, this becomes even more important.

By now, you may be fed up with my personal ramblings. But remember what my brother did for a living. He was a regular guy, he was just like you and the guys who work for you and with you. I am hoping you can learn from him so your team is better off.

The Cybercrimals

The mindset of an individual who would want to attack the computers and networks owned by others is, without question, criminal. The act of intruding upon another confidential personal or business information requires a pre-meditated and calculated act. Its purpose is to inflict financial or personal harm on others by stealing money, denying the use of their information or to gain illegal access to proprietary plans. The cybercriminal is totally cynical and strives to remain in the shadows.

People who attack the information assets of others are on the prowl for system weaknesses to exploit. The prime targets are unsuspecting individuals or businesses that are vulnerable to the attack modes chosen by cybercriminals. They are deceitful and seek the cloak of anonymity.

The true nature of someone who would access, use and exploit your private information is a mixed bag. His or her character is between that of a person who would enjoy searching through your personal items and an employee who would embezzle money from a corporation.

The focus of crackers and hackers is to use their specialized knowledge to encroach upon the private lives of people and organizations. Electronic thieves seek to take advantage of people who are without information needed to fight back and block them. Cyber criminals are true low-life.

Digital bandits are sociopaths who ply their trade without regard to the harmful effects they have on others and truly lack remorse. What’s particularly unsettling about felonious computer whizzes is that they are usually very intelligent. They are without a conscience and enjoy stealing and hurting others.

Computer crooks can be ranked on a scale from “less skilled” to “expert”. Anyone can download basic cracking software from the Internet. The real pros, however, study their targets over time in stealth mode. The highly skilled cracker plans and analyzes the victim to get the maximum effect.

Preying upon unsuspecting users is among the most disturbing behaviors of the PC and mainframe pirates. Most computer users are unaware of how many threats and vulnerabilities that they face when they power-up their computer or go online. Lawless computer users thrive on the ignorance of others.

So how do you fight those who would breach your personal data with the purpose of stealing or hurting you in a variety of different ways? Presume that the bad guys are trying to break into your system. Use your knowledge and security best practices to block them.

You should:

1. Develop a security mindset
2. Assess your risks
3. Use complex passwords and phrases for your system(s)
4. Identify and eliminate common vulnerabilities
5. Routinely update software patches and fixes
6. Probe and test electronic systems
7. Use appropriate security-related hardware and software (e.g. anti-virus software, firewalls)
8. Lock your computer screen when you leave your work area
9. Encrypt and back up all of your data
10. Practice good cyber hygiene (e.g. avoid clicking on email links and attachments)
11. Avoid maintaining a persistent Internet connection

You can defend against those who would try to harm you using digital technology and the Internet. Obstruct the pathways that are followed by lawless information thieves.